REMINDER: I AM POSTING A NEW TOPIC ABOUT ONCE A WEEK OR PERHAPS TWICE A WEEK. HOWEVER, IF YOU DON'T FIND A NEW TOPIC POSTED, THERE ARE AS OF MARCH 2013 OVER 900 TOPIC THREADS TO WHICH YOU CAN READ AND WRITE COMMENTS. I WILL BE AWARE OF EACH COMMENTARY AND MAY COME BACK WITH A REPLY.
TO FIND A TOPIC OF INTEREST TO YOU ON THIS BLOG, SIMPLY TYPE IN THE NAME OR WORDS RELATED TO THE TOPIC IN THE FIELD IN THE LEFT HAND SIDE AT TOP OF THE PAGE AND THEN CLICK ON “SEARCH BLOG”. WITH WELL OVER 900 TOPICS, MOST ABOUT GENERAL OR SPECIFIC ETHICAL ISSUES BUT NOT NECESSARILY RELATED TO ANY SPECIFIC DATE OR EVENT, YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO FIND WHAT YOU WANT. IF YOU DON’T PLEASE WRITE TO ME ON THE FEEDBACK THREAD OR BY E-MAIL DoktorMo@aol.com
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Patient Modesty: Volume 71
I would like to start out this Volume 71 with a basic question to help define what is understood as physical modesty and how it applies to this issue as experienced by patients within the medical system. Is modesty of an individual only related to how the individual feels about their own personal exposure to others or does it also includes how the individual reacts to the exposure or "immodesty" of others? For example, is a patient expressing modesty when they see and react to a woman breast feeding her baby in public? or finding someone on the beach with a "bikini"? Does every patient who finds challenges to their modesty within their experience with doctors and nurses also are emotionally upset upon viewing, experiencing what is felt to be immodest behavior by others? In other words, does patient physical modesty concerns actually involve an individual's general philosophy regarding attention to modesty of self but, in addition, also of others? This distinction, I think, is important. ..Maurice.
Graphic: "Bathing Suits" from Google Images
NOTICE: AS OF TODAY FEBRUARY 25, 2015 "PATIENT
MODESTY: VOLUME 71 WILL BE CLOSED FOR FURTHER COMMENTS. YOU CAN CONTINUE
POSTING COMMENTS ON VOLUME 72.
WOMAN'S BREAST MILK: SHOULD IT BE UP FOR SALE?
In case you didn't know, a woman's breast milk is a
commercially but also a nutritionally valuable commodity at least as an example
supported by Medolac Labs and Mother's Milk Cooperative. This milk is said to be needed by hospitalized
pre-term infants whose mothers are not yet lactating. I read about it in an article in the Michigan State University Bioethics website on lactation and the laws and actions which have been taken
including commodification of the woman's milk.
A scholarly article on the subject of the sale of mother's
milk was written in the Winter 2009 issue of the Nevada Law Journal
The sale of organs for transplant is not approved in the
United States, only donation. The
question arises as to whether it is ethical to have lactating women provide
their breast milk for sale. Is breast milk analogous to a solid organ?
How about comparing
selling the mother's milk to the legal commodification of eggs and sperm or
A physician ethicist
has reassured me on this topic:
There are American markets for buying and selling human
body parts, including blood, plasma, platelets, breast milk, hair, sperm, and
unfertilized eggs. The National Organ Transplant Act bans compensation for
organs, including livers, kidneys, and bone marrow. Flynn v. Holder adds the acquisition of hematopoietic
stem cells from circulating blood to the list of acceptable activities.
An ethical analysis suggests that the key characteristics
of these acceptable market-based donations of human body products are:
– The donated stuff can with time be regenerated.
– The injury to the donor is minimal and commensurate
with the sale price.
– The risks to the donor of more serious morbidity and
mortality are minimal."
And then, of course, there is the long history of
"wet nursing" when other women took on the task of nursing a child if
the mother was unable to do so.
To my visitors: Do you find any arguments against the
selling of the milk obtained from a
lactating mother and, if you do, what are they? ..Maurice.
Graphic: Migrant Mother, Dorothea Lange, Library of
Congress / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons